How Does an AC Actually Work?

With spring in full force and summer right around the corner, the warm weather is here to stay! People in many locations are dependent on their air conditioning units to keep them cool during this season. While so many people rely on AC units, many do not know how they actually work. With that being said, this blog post will explain how air conditioning units work. 

The cooling process

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An air conditioning unit, such as those from Hunter Pure Air, converts the air inside your house, i.e. a gas, into a liquid, and then back into a gas. It does this using a number of different chemicals. This is how it creates that delightful cool breeze that we experience when we stand under an AC unit. Once the process is complete, the chemicals will move the heat from inside your property to the exterior of your home, and that’s how the warm air is removed. 

The three key components 

Now that you have an understanding regarding the general process, it is important to note that not all air conditioning units are created equally. There are a number of different features and add-ons for you to make the most of. Nevertheless, the three main components in any AC unit are as follows: the evaporators, the condenser, and the compressor. 

The chemical or cooling fluid inside of the AC unit becomes a low-pressure gas once it gets to the compressor. This is a key part because it basically compresses the liquid and remaining gas together. As the liquid gets more condensed and packed, it gets warmer, and this is what is utilized to cool the room down.

The resulting fluid is then moved from the compressor to the condenser. This is when it is seperated, resulting in a coolant fluid and a highly pressurised gas. The gas exits the house via an opening at the rear of the machine. This means the heat has been taken from the room and it is now outside of the house. 

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Once this part of the process is complete, the fluid from the condenser will become a lot colder. It will then go through a small hole to the evaporator. During this part of the procedure, the liquid begins to transition to a vapour, with the temperature dropping rapidly at the same time. The cooled gas will then leave the AC unit, therefore, making the room much cooler. The process is repeated until you end up with the perfect temperature. 

All AC units come with built-in filters for safety purposes. The filter stops any solid particles, like dust, from getting into the room in question. This also ensures the unit runs as efficiently as possible. 

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